Israel has been around for literally thousands of years, which puts their origins in roughly 15th century B.C. It is believed the nation originally formed after the Twelve Tribes of Jacob were formed, which created the Israeli lineage. The country became as it is known today on May 14, 1948, when “David Ben-Gurion, the head of the Jewish Agency, proclaimed the establishment of the State of Israel. U.S. President Harry S. Truman recognized the new nation on the same day.” (Creation of Israel, 2015).
Back in 1947, the United Nations voted for a Partition Plan which created the State of Israel. This led to the British loosening their grip on Palestine, and eventually the Arab-Israeli War began. After Israel became a state in 1948, Palestine was divided between Egypt and Transjordan. Cease-fire agreements were eventually set in place to stop the fighting, and Prime Minister David Ben Gurion agreed to put into place a divided Israel. This lead to several quarters including Christian, Muslim/Arab, and a Jewish quarter. Jews scattered by WWII were allowed to immigrate to their historic homeland,
Israel in itself is essentially one nation: 80% are the Israeli people, with only a small percentage of Arabs occupying a quarter. It it considered to be a democratic state, and the core of the government is “rooted in the following liberal principles and institutions.” (Israel Government & Politics: How Does the Israeli Government Work, 2015). The government in Israel is also very much intertwined with their religious beliefs. In fact, it could be said that religion is their government, as everything Israel does is based and reasoned from the mutual beliefs of her people. The nation of Israel may not be considered a power house in comparison to other nation states, but it is one of the most successful nations in having a people unified in political beliefs. For one, the Israeli people fully believe in the legitimacy of their government. Their lives are based around the Bible and/or Torah, and it is something they would die for. Their government reflects these ideologies, and so the people do not doubt Israel’s rule. Next, the people believe in the sovereignty of Israeli rule. The see God above their government, and base the foundations of their government on the Holy Bible, or God’s Word, and therefore the rule of the nation is undoubted in their eyes. Finally, political leaders are also often spiritual leaders. This gives these high ranking people an undeniable of authority, because they abide by the nation’s ideologies. It is also important to note that Israel is known to treat all its inhabitants equally, even those who do not abide by the religious belief system. Israel has some religious rules that are expected of the national as a whole, but there are not large penalties for those who do not abide by them. Over all, Israel is a peaceful nation that has gained political and governmental respect from its occupants. Israel’s problems lie outside its borders, not within.
Creation of Israel, 1948 – 1945–1952 – Milestones – Office of the Historian. (2015). Retrieved February 5, 2015, from https://history.state.gov/milestones/1945-1952/creation-israel
___ Israel. (n.d.). Retrieved February 5, 2015, from http://www.nationsonline.org/oneworld/israel.htm
Israel Government & Politics: How Does the Israeli Government Work? (2015, January 1). Retrieved February 5, 2015, from http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Politics/how_govt_works.html
Roskin, Cord, Medeiros, & Jones. “Political Science an Introduction”. 13th Edition. Pearson eText. © 2014.